Chabana, the simple but elegant style of flower arranging
for Chanoyu, the Japanese tea ceremony, has deep roots in the
more formalized Ikebana style of flower arranging which is firmly
seated in both Shintoism and Buddhism. Cha literally means
tea and bana is taken from the word hana or flower.
A less formal style of Ikebana arrangement was added to the
more stylized rikka arrangement and was called nageire,
or thrown in style. This new style had fewer rules and appealed
to those who were searching for a more simple and natural look.
Early tea masters used the nageire style until it further
divided into the seika, pure flower, and chabana,
tea flower, styles. The chabana style, with no formal written
rules, became the standard style of arrangement for Chanoyu.
Flowers are a reflection of the hosts heart in the Chanoyu
gathering. The chabana arrangement is a seasonal expression
of flowers placed in a simple vase or basket. The materials for
the vases range from bronze to both glazed and unglazed ceramics
as well as bamboo, glass and other materials. When arranging chabana
the host first selects the flowers and then an appropriate vase.
No frogs are used as in Ikebana and the finished arrangement of
flowers evokes a feeling similar to what one feels in the natural
garden setting. Chabana arrangements are also wonderful
outside of the tearoom and can be enjoyed in many settings in